Shortening is a wonderful thing: in baking it makes pies and cakes light and fluffy, and on the web, it makes long, unwieldy URLs short and manageable. This blog post is all about the second usage, but we can think about the first as we read it.
You might wonder why you should care about short URLs. After all, isn't a long one like
a perfectly good URL?
Sure, your web browser will have no trouble with that and will access the web site and cause it to run the search specified by all those parameters.
But what if you want to share this URL via email or on Twitter, or post it to a blog or Facebook. That URL is 144 characters, so it's not going to fit in a tweet.
Long URLs are often wrapped to two or more lines in an email and sometimes this breaks the URL itself, resulting in a bad link.
And, as the Canadian Jewish Heritage Network discovered recently, posting long URLs with many parameters to Facebook is problematic. When posting the URL above, Facebook stripped out all the equals signs, leaving a non-functioning URL. Who knows why Facebook would do this, but happily, there’s an easy workaround for this, one that lends itself well to emailing and tweeting long URLs too: URL shortening services.
As Wikipedia tells us, "URL shortening is a technique on the World Wide Web in which a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) may be made substantially shorter and still direct to the required page. This is achieved by using a redirect, often on a domain name that is even shorter than the original one, which links to the web page that has a long URL."
In practice, this means that a long URL such as
can be shortened to something like
These fit handily in Tweets, blog posts, emails and are not edited by Facebook when posting there.
You might now ask, is this the same as a permalink? Well, it is a link, and a short one, so it’s close, but there's no guarantee of permanence, as you're reliant on a third-party service to keep the redirect in place indefinitely. Although that may happen, it's probably better to think of these as short but disposable URLs, like a post-it note you stick on a desk or document pointing at something.
Some of the most common URL shortening services are:
So when you next need to send or post a long URL, especially one with lots of parameters and query strings, give one of these a try.